are the words we use to link or join two or more sentences together or
two words within the same sentence. The most common conjunctions in
English are: and, but, or, nor, for.
For example: We eat at home and work in the office (The conjunction "and" joins the sentences: "we eat at home" with "we work in the office").
There are two kinds of conjunctions
CoordinatingCoordinating conjunctions are used when we want to join two sentences
that work at the same level of importance in our speech, both actions
are equally important. These conjunctions are:
Not only... but also
They went to the beach and had lunch there
In this example we are using the coordinating conjunction "and" to join two different sentences, "They went to the beach" with "(they) had lunch there".
SubordinatingSubordinating conjunctions are used to join two sentences when one of
them is depending on the first one. The majority of conjunctions are
"subordinating conjunctions". They are:
As if, as though
In order that
*A subordinate or dependent clause "depends" on a main or independent clause. It cannot exist alone. * For example: "Although I work hard" does not make any sense. But a main or independent clause can exist alone. For example: "I'm still broke."
This is the restaurant that I told you about
In this example, the subordinating conjunction "that" introduces the sentence "I told you about" which is dependent on the first sentence "this is the restaurant".
Coordinating conjunctions always come between the words or clauses that they join.
Subordinating conjunctions usually come at the beginning of the subordinate clause.