Sunday, 11 December 2011


Who - asking for a person and animal: subject: no do, does, did
Jane opened the door.
Who opened the door?
Tom helped in the garden.
Who helped in the garden?

Who - asking for a person and animal: object: do, does, did
They greet their teacher.
Who do they greet?
He asked Mary about the burglary.
Who did they ask about the burglary?

What - asking for a thing: subject: no do, does, did
His ankle hurt.
What hurts?
The flower pot fell on the floor.
What fell on the floor?

What - asking for a thing: object: do, does, did
She usually wears jeans.
What does she usually wear?
They built a castle in the sand.
What did they build in the sand?

Whose - asking for the 2nd case

This is Peter’s pencil.
Whose pencil is this?
Carol’s father was a drummer.
Whose father was a drummer?

When - asking for the time

I saw her yesterday.
When did you see her?
They came home at midnight.
When did they come home?

Where - asking for the place

He flew to Manchester.
Where did he fly?
He lives in a big house.
Where does he live?

Why - asking for a reason

He stayed at home because he was ill.
Why did he stay at home?
They like him because he is always friendly.
Why do they like him?

How - asking for the manner
He drove fast.
How did he drive?
My holidays were great.
How were your holidays?

How long - asking for a period of time
They stayed there for a week.
How long did they stay there?
He lived in London for a year.
How long did he live in London?

How many - asking for an exact amount
In this factory work 500 people.
How many people work in this factory?
50 kids were at his party.
How many kids were at his party?

How much - asking for not exact amount
He gets 10 pounds pocket money a month.
How much pocket money does he get a month?
She bought three bottles of wine.
How much wine did she buy?

How often - asking for frequency
They play tennis twice a week.
How often do they play tennis?
She meets him every Friday.
How often does she meet him?

Special uses of some adverbs

Short is used as an adverb in expressions like stop short (= stop suddenly)
 and cut short (= interrupt)
Shortly means ‘soon’.
  • You will hear from us shortly.
Slow and slowly
Slow is an adjective; slowly is an adverb. However, slow can be used as an adverb after verbs like go and drive.
  • Go slow.
Sound and soundly
Sound is used as an adverb in a few expressions. Example: sound asleep.
  • The baby is sound asleep.
In other cases we usually use soundly.
  • The baby is sleeping soundly.
Straight is used both as an adjective and as an adverb.
  • A straight road goes straight from one place to another.
Tight and tightly
Tight is an adjective; tightly is an adverb. After certain verbs, tight can also be used as an adverb.
Common expressions are: hold tight and packed tight. Note that before a verb, we always use tightly.
Tightly held
Tightly packed
Wrong and wrongly
The normal adverb is wrongly. In an informal style, wrong can be used instead of wrongly after a verb.
  • I wrongly believed that I was going in the right direction.
  • You guessed wrong.