To form the Present Simple Tense we use the verb's base form (go, work, speak, study). In 3rd person singular (he, she, it), the base form of the verb takes -s/es. (Auxiliary verbs "be," "do," "have", which can also be used as main verbs, are exceptions.)
I you work we they
he/she/it works /-s/
go - goes /-es/ watch - watches /-es/ play - plays /-s/ study - studies /-es/
you DO NOT /don't/
he/she/it DOES NOT
/doesn't / WORK
1. She doesn't often go to the cinema.
2. I don't get up early at the weekend.
3. They don't speak English very well.
DO you WORK?
DOES he/she/it WORK?
1. Do they speak foreign languages?
2. Do you want a banana?
3. Does your sister play the piano?
Questions and short answers:
Do you like spaghetti?
Yes, I do.
No, I don't.
Does she know Bulgarian?
Yes, she does.
No, she doesn't.
1. Philip gets up at 6 o'clock every morning.
2. I go to school every day.
3. She sometimesgoes out on Friday night.
4. I usuallysleep late on Sunday morning.
5. Peter works for 8 hours every day.
6. We usuallystart work at 8 o'clock.
7. My children oftenwatch TV in the afternoon.
8. He alwaysforgets his keys.
when we talk about things that happen repeatedly or habitually
With Present Simple Tense we often use time expressions such as always, often, sometimes, usually, seldom, on Saturdays, rarely, never, every day, etc.
1. I work in a bank.
2. Kate speaks English very well.
3. Tom lives in London.
when we talk about permanent or long-lasting situations
1. People make choices because they can't have everything they want.
2. Nurses work in clinics and hospitals.
3. Football is a very popular sport in Bulgaria.
when we talk about people or things in general
1. The Earth is spherical.
2. My birthday is in May.
3. California is in the Unated States.
4. The sun rises in the east.
5. Water freezes at 0°C (32°F).
to indicate general truths, facts and scientific laws
1. We arrive in Rome at 6 p.m.
2. The train leaves in five minutes.
3. The course starts next Thursday.
when we talk about travel plans and timetables (mainly with verbs such as go, leave, arrive, start, come, return etc.)
1. She loves jazz music.
2. My aunt hates travelling by train.
3. I like ice cream. I don't like spinach.
4. I think she is a wonderful person.
5. Do you believe in God?
6. I have no money at the moment.
7. My brother has a new car.
8. That bicycle belongs to me.
with state (or stative) verbs such as like, dislike, love, think, seem, look, know, feel, understand, want, need, hate, remember, forget, prefer, believe, mean, taste, hear, see, have(when the meaning is "possess"), own, belong, etc. These verbs are not normally used in the Continuous Tense (but there are exceptions).
1. Pour all ingredients into a mixing bowl and mix until smooth.
2. Walk down the street to the corner and then turn right.
to give instructions/directions
The Present Simple Tense is also used in :
sentences after"when", "after", "while", "till" / "until", "before", "as soon as" - When the rain stops, we'll go out.
I'll call you back as soon as I return home.
zero conditional sentences(when the result of the condition is always true) - If you heat water to 100°C (212°F), it boils.
first conditional sentences(Often
called the "real" conditional because it is used for real (or possible)
situations. These situations take place if a certain condition is met.) - If you finish your homework I'll bring you to the zoo.
Notes about formation of the 3rd person singular (he, she, it):
If the verb ends in -ss, -sh, -ch, -x or -o, add -es to the base form:
kiss - kisses, finish - finishes, watch - watches, mix - mixes, go - goes
If the verb ends in consonant + y change y to i and add -es:
study - studies, copy - copies, try - tries, carry - carries
The Present Continuous is made with the present form of the verb "to be"
(I am, you are, he/she/it is, we are, you are, they are) + the '-ing' form of the main verb.
The '-ing' form of the verb is called the Present Participle.
Present Continuous (Progressive) Tense
Affirmative (Positive) Form
I am =
I'm you are = you're
he/she/it is =
I am not = I'm
not you are not = you aren't
he/she/it is not = he isn't/she isn't/it
we are =
we're they are = they're
we are not = we aren't
they are not = they
Examples: 1. What are you doing? 3.
He is reading a newspaper.
2. I'm having a
bath. 4. Are they working?
2. Using the Present Continuous Tense
We most often use the Present Continuous when we talk about
something which is happening at the time of speaking (now, at the
Examples: 1.Pamela is sleeping in the bedroom.
2. The telephone is ringing!
3. They are doing their homework.
4. I'm waiting for my girlfriend in
front of the cinema.
Present Continuous is also used when we talk about something
which is happening at present, but not necessarily at the moment of
Examples: 1. I'm reading an interesting book.
Tom is looking for a new job.
3. We are studying English and
We can use the Present Continuous when we talk about temporary
actions taking place only for a period of time (today, this week, this
semester, this year):
Examples: 1. My husband is working hard today.
2. They are
spending this week in Paris.
3. She is
teaching English this semester.
4. We are
staying at the Bristol Hotel tonight.
living with my parents at the moment but soon I'll
buy my own house.
Present Continuous is also used to express current trends:
Examples: 1. Fuel prices are rising constantly because
2. On-line shopping is growing
We can use the Present Continuous when we talk about
repeated actions which are irritating to the speaker (always,
Examples: 1. He is always complaining from his
2. My son is always getting
into trouble in school.
Sometimes we use the Present Continuous to describe
a planned action in the near future:
Examples: 1. I'm leaving for Vienna tomorrow